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Umahluko phakathi kwe-sandblasting kunye ne-frosting yeebhotile zeglasi kunye nombala weglasi

Intshayelelo: Kwintsimi yeekhemikhali zemihla ngemihla, izitya zeglasi zineempawu zokungafihli kunye nokuziva kakuhle, kunye nenkqubo ye-sandblasting kunye nenkqubo ye-frosting yenza ukuba iibhotile zeglasi zibe nemvakalelo enqabileyo kunye neempawu ezingabonakaliyo, ezithandwa ngabathengi.Eli nqaku labelana ngolwazi olufanelekileyo malunga nenkqubo yokuqhushumba kweglasi, inkqubo yokukhenkceza kunye nemibala, umxholo wereferensi yabahlobo:

1. Malunga nokuqhunyiswa kwesanti

Intshayelelo
Ijethi ye-abrasive yesiqhelo, iteknoloji iye yaphuhliswa ngokuqhubekayo, yaphuculwa kwaye yagqitywa.Ngobuchule bayo obukhethekileyo bokusetyenzwa kunye noluhlu olubanzi lokusetyenzwa kunye noluhlu lwezicelo, iye yathandwa ngakumbi nangakumbi kwishishini lanamhlanje lonyango lomphezulu kwaye sele isetyenziswa ngokubanzi kwimveliso yoomatshini, izixhobo, izixhobo zonyango, izixhobo zombane, oomatshini belaphu, oomatshini bokushicilela kunye nokudaya, imichiza. oomatshini, oomatshini bokutya, izixhobo, izixhobo zokusika, izixhobo zokulinganisa, imibundu, iiglasi, iiseramikhi, ubugcisa, ukulungiswa koomatshini, kunye nezinye iinkalo ezininzi.

Ijethi yeAbrasive
Ibhekisela kwijethi eyenziwe yi-abrasive ehamba ngesantya esiphezulu phantsi kwesenzo samandla athile angaphandle.Ukuqhuma okomileyo, amandla angaphandle axinzelelwe umoya;ukuqhushumba kwamanzi, amandla angaphandle yintshukumo edibeneyo yomoya ocinezelweyo kunye nepompo yokusila.

Umgaqo
Isebenzisa umoya ohamba ngesantya esiphezulu owenziweyo xa umoya woxinzelelo oluphezulu udlula kwimingxunya ecolekileyo yomlomo, kwaye uvuthela isanti yequartz ecolekileyo okanye isilicon carbide kumphezulu weglasi, ukuze ubume beglasi buhlala busonakala. ngempembelelo yeengqungquthela zesanti ukwenza i-matte surface.
Ubume bomhlaba oqhushumbayo bugqitywe ngesantya somoya, ukuqina kwegrabile, ngakumbi imilo kunye nobukhulu bamasuntswana esanti, amasuntswana esanti acolekileyo enza umphezulu ube sisakhiwo esihle, kunye negrit erhabaxa inokunyusa isantya sokukhukuliseka komhlaba. indawo yokudubula.

Abrasive
Ibhekisa kumbindi osetyenziswa kwinkqubo yokusetyenzwa kwejethi, enokuba yintlabathi yomlambo, isanti yolwandle, isanti yequartz, isanti yecorundum, isanti yeresin, isanti yentsimbi, isanti yentsimbi, ukudubula kweglasi, ukudubula kweceramic, ukudubula kwentsimbi, ukudubula kwentsimbi, ulusu lwewalnut, isikhwebu sombona. , njl Izinto ezahlukeneyo kunye nobukhulu beenkozo zikhethwa ngokweemfuno ezahlukeneyo zenkqubo yokuqhushumba.

Isicelo
Coca isikali se-oxide, iityuwa ezishiyekileyo kunye ne-welding slag, iintsalela ezingaphezulu kumphezulu weentlobo ezahlukeneyo zezixhobo zokusebenza.
Coca ii-burrs ezincinci kumphezulu weentlobo ezahlukeneyo zezinto zokusebenza.
Isetyenziselwa ukulungiswa kwangaphambili kokutyabeka komhlaba kunye nokufakwa kwezinto zokusebenza ukuphucula ukuncamathela kokutyabeka kunye nokwaleka.
Isetyenziselwa ukuphucula ukusebenza kwamacandelo omatshini, ukuphucula iimeko zokuthambisa iindawo zokukhwelana, kunye nokunciphisa ingxolo yokusebenza koomatshini.
Isetyenziselwa ukomeleza umphezulu unyango ukuphelisa uxinzelelo kunye nokuphucula amandla okudinwa kunye nokumelana nokugqwala kwamalungu.
Isetyenziselwa ukuhlaziywa kwamacandelo amadala kunye nokulungiswa kweemveliso ezineziphene.
Isetyenziselwa ukucoca irabha, iplastiki, iglasi kunye nezinye iimbumba ngaphandle kokulimaza umphezulu wesikhunta, ukuqinisekisa ukuchaneka kwesikhunta, ukuphucula umgangatho wemveliso, kunye nokwandisa ubomi benkonzo yokubumba.
Ukugqiba ukucwangcisa, ukususa imikrwelo kunye namanqaku okucubungula kwiindawo, kwaye ufumane i-uniform kunye ne-non-reflective surface effect.
Fumana iziphumo ezikhethekileyo zokuqhunyiswa kwesanti, ezinje ngokubhala ngesanti (ukupeyinta), ijean ehlanjwe isanti, iglasi eqabaka, njl.

Malunga nokukhuhla
Intshayelelo Unyango lokukhenkceza kwikhemikhali kukusila ngoomatshini okanye ngesandla ngesandla iglasi eneziqhushumbisi ezifana nesilicon carbide, i-silica sand, ipomegranate powder, njl.njl. ukwenza umphezulu ofanayo kunye noburhabaxa.Umphezulu weglasi kunye nezinye izinto zinokulungiswa ngesisombululo se-hydrofluoric acid.Iimveliso ziba yiglasi yeqabaka kunye nezinye iimveliso.Ukusebenza kokutywina kungcono emva kweqhwa.

Iglasi ekhekezelayo ibhekisa kwinkqubo yokutshintsha umphezulu ogudileyo wokuqala weglasi yesiqhelo ukusuka kumgudiyo ukuya kurhabaxa (okungafihliyo ukuya kwi-opaque) ngokulungiswa kwento.Icala elinye okanye omabini eglasi ethe tyaba ipolishiswa ngoomatshini okanye ngesandla ngezinto ezirhabaxa ezifana nesilicon carbide, i-silica sand, ipomegranate powder, njl.njl. ukwenza umphezulu ofanayo kunye noburhabaxa.Umphezulu weglasi nawo unokucutshungulwa ngesisombululo se-hydrofluoric acid.Imveliso yesiphumo iba yiglasi ekhenkcezayo.Umphezulu weglasi ekhenkcezayo ucutshungulwa kwindawo erhabaxa ye-matte, esasaza ukukhanya okusasaziweyo kwaye inenzuzo yokungafihli kunye ne-opaque.

Umahluko phakathi kweglasi ekhekekileyo kunye neglasi yesanti

Umkhenkce kunye nokudubula kwesanti zombini zenza umphezulu weglasi, ukuze ukukhanya kwenze ukusasazeka okufanayo emva kokudlula kwisibane sesibane.Kunzima kubasebenzisi abaqhelekileyo ukwahlula phakathi kwezi nkqubo zimbini.Oku kulandelayo kuchaza iindlela zokuvelisa ezi nkqubo zimbini kunye nendlela yokuchonga..

1. Inkqubo yokuqaba umkhenkce ubhekisa kwiglasi yokuntywiliselwa kulwelo oluneasidi elungisiweyo (okanye ukusebenzisa intlama eneasidi) ukuze kufakwe umphezulu weglasi ngeasidi eyomeleleyo, kwaye kwangaxeshanye, ihydrogen fluoride kwisisombululo esineasidi esomeleleyo ibangela ukuba iikristale zenze iikristale phezu kolwandle. umgangatho weglasi.Ngoko ke, ukuba inkqubo yokukhenkceza yenziwe kakuhle, iglasi epholileyo yeglasi igudileyo ngokungaqhelekanga, kwaye umphumo we-haze uveliswa ngokusasazwa kweekristale.Ukuba umphezulu urhabaxa ngokwentelekiso, oko kuthetha ukuba iasidi ikhukulisa iglasi ngokunzulu ngakumbi, eyeyentsebenzo engekavuthwa yenkosi eneqabaka.Okanye ezinye iindawo azikabinazo iikristale (ezaziwa ngokuba azikho sanding, okanye iglasi inamachokoza), ekwabubugxwayiba bobuchule bobugcisa.Le teknoloji yenkqubo inzima.Le nkqubo ibonakaliswe kakuhle njengeekristale ezikhazimulayo ezibonakala kwiglasi, eyenziwe phantsi kwemeko enzima, isizathu esona sizathu kukuba i-ammonia hydrogen fluoride ifikelele ekupheleni kokusetyenziswa.

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2. Inkqubo yokuqhushumba kwesanti Le nkqubo ixhaphake kakhulu.Ibetha umphezulu weglasi ngamasuntswana esanti akhutshwa ngesantya esiphezulu ngompu wokutshiza, ukuze iglasi yenze umphezulu ocolekileyo weconcave-convex, ukuze kuphunyezwe umphumo wokukhanya okusasaza kunye nokwenza ukukhanya kuzive kumnyama.Umphezulu wemveliso yeglasi enesanti irhabaxa.Ngenxa yokuba umphezulu weglasi wonakalisiwe, kubonakala ngathi iglasi ekhanyayo yasekuqaleni imhlophe ekukhanyeni.I-craft enzima.

3. Umahluko phakathi kwezi nkqubo zimbini zihluke ngokupheleleyo.Iglasi ekhekezelayo ibiza kakhulu kuneglasi yesanti, kwaye umphumo ubangelwa ikakhulu kwiimfuno zabasebenzisi.Ezinye iiglasi ezizodwa azikufanelanga ukukhenkceza.Ngokombono wokufuna ubuhandiba, i-matte kufuneka isetyenziswe.Inkqubo yokuqhushumba kwesanti ingagqitywa ngokubanzi kwiifektri, kodwa inkqubo yesanti ayilula ukwenza kakuhle ngokwenene.
Iglasi epholileyo iveliswa ngokuziva kwesanti, ukuthungwa okunamandla, kodwa iipateni ezilinganiselwe;iglasi yesandblasted ikrolwa ngokungunda kwaye emva koko itshizwe ngokweemfuno.Ngale ndlela, nayiphi na imizobo oyifunayo inokuba yiqabaka kune-sandblasted.

Malunga nombala

Indima yombala kukwenza iglasi ithathe ngokukhetha ukukhanya okubonakalayo, ngaloo ndlela ibonise umbala othile.Ngokwemeko yombala kwiglasi, yahlulwe yaba ziindidi ezintathu: i-ionic colorant, i-colloidal colorant kunye ne-semiconductor compound microcrystalline colorant.Uhlobo, apho imibala ye-ionic isetyenziswa kakhulu.

1.Ionic colorant

Kulula ukuyisebenzisa, ityebile ngombala, kulula ukuyicwangcisa ulawulo, ixabiso eliphantsi, yindlela esetyenziswa ngokubanzi, imibala ye-ion eyahlukileyo ikhethwa ngokweemfuno zemibala kunye neemeko zokwenyani.

1) Iikhompawundi zeManganese zisetyenziswa ngokuqhelekileyo i-manganese dioxide, umgubo omnyama

I-Manganese oxide, umgubo omnyama omdaka
I-potassium permanganate, iikristale ezingwevu-mfusa

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Imixube yeManganese inombala weglasi ukuya komfusa.I-Manganese dioxide okanye i-potassium permanganate idla ngokusetyenziswa.Ngexesha lokunyibilika, i-manganese dioxide kunye ne-potassium permanganate inokuchithwa kwi-manganese oxide kunye ne-oxygen.Iglasi ifakwe umbala nge-manganese oxide.I-Manganese oxide inokubola ibe yi-manganese monoxide engenambala kunye neoksijini, kwaye umphumo wayo wombala awuzinzanga.Kuyimfuneko ukugcina umoya we-oxidizing kunye neqondo lokushisa elinyibilikayo elizinzileyo.I-Manganese oxide kunye nentsimbi zisebenza kunye ukufumana i-orenji-tyheli ukuya kwiglasi emnyama emfusa-bomvu, ekwabelwana ngayo ne-dichromate.Ingenziwa kwiglasi emnyama.Ubungakanani beekhompawundi zemanganese ngokuqhelekileyo yi-3% -5% yezithako, kunye neglasi ebomvu eqaqambileyo inokufumaneka.

2) Iikhompawundi zeCobalt

I-Cobalt monoxide powder eluhlaza
I-cobalt trioxide emnyama emnyama okanye umgubo omnyama
Zonke iikhompawundi ze-cobalt ziguqulwa zibe yi-cobalt monoxide ngexesha lokunyibilika.I-Cobalt oxide ngumbala oqinileyo ozinzileyo, owenza ukuba iglasi ibe luhlaza okwesibhakabhaka kancinci kwaye ayichatshazelwa ngumoya.Ukongeza i-0.002% ye-cobalt monoxide inokwenza iglasi Fumana umbala oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka.Yongeza i-0.1% ye-cobalt monoxide ukufumana umbala oluhlaza ocacileyo.Iikhompawundi zeCobalt zisetyenziswa ngokufanayo kunye nobhedu kunye neekhompawundi zechromium ukuvelisa iyunifomu eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka kunye neglasi eluhlaza.Isetyenziswa kunye neekhompawundi zemanganese ukuvelisa ubunzulu obubomvu, obumfusa kunye neglasi emnyama

3) Ikhompawundi yobhedu i-sulfate eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka-eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka

I-Copper oxide engumgubo omnyama
Cuprous oxide ebomvu crystal powder
Ukongeza i-1% -2% ye-oxide yobhedu phantsi kweemeko ze-oxidizing ingenza umbala weglasi.I-Copper oxide inokusebenza nge-cuprous oxide okanye i-ferric oxide ukuvelisa iglasi eluhlaza.

4) Iikhompawundi zeChromium

Ikristale ebomvu ye-sodium dichromate orenji
Ikristale yekhromati yepotassium etyheli
Ikristale yekhromati yesodium etyheli
I-Chromate ibolile ibe yi-chromium oxide ngexesha lokunyibilika, kwaye iglasi inombala oluhlaza phantsi kweemeko zokunciphisa.Ngaphantsi kweemeko ze-oxidizing, i-high-valent chromium oxide ikhona, eyenza umbala weglasi ibe mthubi-luhlaza.Phantsi kweemeko ezinamandla ze-oxidation, i-chromium i-oxidized.Xa isixa sonyuka, iglasi iba lutyheli olukhanyayo ukuya kumthamo wekhompawundi zechromium ezingenambala, i-0.2% -1% yekhompawundi ibalwa njenge-chromium oxide, kwaye isixa yi-0.45% yezithako kwiglasi yesoda-lime-silicate, oxidized phantsi kweemeko oxidation.I-Chrome kunye ne-copper oxide ingasetyenziswa kunye ukwenza iglasi eluhlaza ecocekileyo

5) Iikhompawundi zentsimbi ziyi-iron oxide ikakhulu.Umgubo omnyama unombala weglasi ukuya kwi-iron oxide eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka kunye nomgubo obomvu-mdaka ukwenza umbala weglasi ukuya kumthubi.

Umdibaniso we-iron oxide kunye ne-manganese, okanye isetyenziswe kunye nesalfure kunye namalahle avundiweyo, inokwenza iglasi ibe mdaka (amber)

2. Umbala we-colloidal usebenzisa amasuntswana e-colloidal kwimo ehlakazekileyo ehlakazekile kwiglasi ukuze ukhethe ngokufanelekileyo kwaye usasaze ukukhanya ukwenza iglasi ibonise umbala othile.Ubungakanani beengqungquthela ze-colloidal ubukhulu becala bumisela umbala weglasi.Umbala we-Colloidal Ngokuqhelekileyo, inkqubo ekhethekileyo yonyango lokushisa iyadingeka ukwenzela ukuba umbala weglasi kunye nombala we-colloid unempembelelo ekhethekileyo, kodwa inkqubo iyinkimbinkimbi kwaye ixabiso liphezulu.

3. I-Semiconductor compound ye-microcrystalline coloring agent I-Glass equkethe i-sulfure selenium ikhompawundi, iikristale ze-semiconductor ziyancipha emva kokunyanga kobushushu.Ngenxa yokuba utshintsho lwee-electron kwi-entrainment luthatha ukukhanya okubonakalayo kwaye lunombala, umphumo walo wombala ulungile kwaye ixabiso liphantsi, ngoko lisetyenziswa ngokuqhelekileyo, kodwa unika ingqalelo kwingqiqo yolawulo lwenkqubo.

VDVSASA

Ixesha lokuposa: Feb-25-2022